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Body of founding father of Spain’s fascist Falange motion exhumed from Madrid mausoleum

The physique of José Antonio Primo de Rivera, the founding father of Spain’s fascist Falange motion, was exhumed from a Madrid mausoleum on Monday and transferred to a metropolis cemetery.

The fascist political chief was executed by Spanish Republicans in November 1936, after Gen. Francisco Franco led an rebellion of troopers in July of that yr to deliver down Spain’s democratically elected authorities. The ensuing civil struggle led to 1939 with a whole bunch of 1000’s lifeless and the nation left in ruins.

Primo de Rivera’s demise was exploited by Franco.

He was exhumed consistent with up to date laws that bans the glorification of Spain’s dictatorship and fascist legacy. His physique lay for six many years in an enormous complicated referred to as the Valley of the Fallen, which was constructed with pressured jail labor to commemorate the fascist victory within the civil struggle.

The chief of the Falange was disinterred in a personal ceremony in presence of his household, away from public scrutiny. His casket was taken by hearse to Madrid’s San Isidro cemetery, the place a small group of supporters broke by means of a police cordon to carry out fascist salutes and to sing the Falange anthem.


After Franco gained the struggle, he dominated the nation with an iron fist till his demise in 1975. He was himself laid to relaxation within the Valley of the Fallen till 2019, when his stays have been flown to a close-by cemetery by helicopter.

The Valley of the Fallen, lately rebaptized with its pre-war title, Cuelgamuros, can be the burial web site of 34,000 individuals killed in the course of the civil struggle. Many have been initially buried in mass graves which have been dug up at Franco’s request. The our bodies have been moved to the Valley of the Fallen to fill the positioning with victims from each side.

Spanish Mausoleum

A friar walks in entrance of the Valle de los Caidos mausoleum on the outskirts of Madrid, Spain. The physique of José Antonio Primo de Rivera shall be exhumed from the mausoleum on April 24, 2023, and transferred to a metropolis cemetery. (AP Photo/Manu Fernandez, File)

Last yr, Spain permitted a brand new regulation on historic reminiscence that nullified authorized selections made in the course of the dictatorship. It makes the central authorities accountable for the restoration of the still-missing our bodies of tens of 1000’s of individuals forcibly disappeared by the regime.


Spain’s Minister for the Treasury and Public Function, María Jesús Montero, stated on the eve of the exhumation that it was vital to ship “justice” for the victims of fascism in Spain. “It’s essential that definitive steps are being taken to adjust to a regulation that wishes to provide reparations and reminiscence to the victims of the coup d’état,” she stated.

A spokesman for the center-right Popular Party accused the federal government of utilizing Primo de Rivera to “distract” Spaniards from their issues. Borja Sémper merely referred to the fascist motion’s chief as “a person who was murdered 80 years in the past.”

The authorities needs to show the mausoleum web site at Cuelgamuros into a spot for reflection, and for the our bodies taken there with out consent to be returned to the households affected.

José Antonio Primo de Rivera was the son of dictator Miguel Primo de Rivera, who dominated Spain from 1923-1930.

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