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View from Mexico: An unsure future for North America amid Biden, Trudeau go to

MEXICO CITY, Mexico –The arrival right here of President Biden and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to attend the North American Leaders´ Summit comes at a time when many points, together with border safety, immigration, drug trafficking, vitality coverage and commerce, dominate the trilateral agenda.

It’s reported that Biden’s agenda for the conferences will embody the challenges of migration, local weather and setting, rising the three nations’ competitiveness in addition to emphasizing the necessity to cease the trafficking of fentanyl into the United States. Trudeau is alleged to be extra involved about commerce points and particularly President Andres Manuel López Obrador´s (AMLO) vitality coverage, which impacts Canadian corporations and places the US-Mexico-Canada settlement (USMCA) in danger. Observers say each leaders have a listing of claims and considerations for his or her Mexican neighbor and accomplice.

“In the necessity of re-establishing some sort of spirit of cooperation among the many three international locations, plainly this summit is a key second to outline and set the tone for the course to comply with in immigration, border safety, the combination of productive chains and within the revival of financial exercise beneath the principles of the USMCA recreation for the subsequent two years,” Roberto Salinas, director of the Center for Latin America on Atlas Network, instructed Fox News Digital

President Joe Biden is greeted by President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador at Felipe Angeles international airport in Zumpango, Mexico, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023.

President Joe Biden is greeted by President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador at Felipe Angeles worldwide airport in Zumpango, Mexico, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023.
(AP Photo/Fernando Llano)


Some observers right here say it was no coincidence that a couple of days previous to this summit, Ovidio Guzmán López, the son of drug cartel chief “El Chapo” who’s accused of being answerable for large fentanyl trafficking into the United States, was captured and arrested. AMLO has been demanding that the U.S. authorities stem the move of weapons and weapons smuggled into Mexico and it’s anticipated that he’ll proceed to take action. 

Jorge Castañeda, a former Mexican secretary of international affairs and professor of politics at New York University, commented, “This just isn’t a strategic achievement, it is a ‘diplomatic achievement’ that enables López Obrador to reject Biden’s doable claims. It just isn’t a victory within the battle towards organized crime. In this, López Obrador has been considerably proper in saying that the capo seize technique is ineffective and that’s the reason he didn’t go forward with that technique.” 

The former international minister famous, “The seize of drug lords just isn’t an efficient technique, first as a result of it causes extra violence when the drug lords, who weren’t captured, dispute the place from which they have been captured. Secondly, as a result of the massive cartels are merely changed or fragmented, through which case violence spreads.”

López Obrador has at all times been vital of international meddling in nationwide affairs, which is why he has sought methods to forestall international international locations, particularly the United States, whom he has at all times handled with some suspicion, from questioning or attempting to affect his insurance policies. This is the rationale why a number of analysts take into account the seize of Ovidio Guzmán as only a bargaining chip to please the United States and hold it from meddling within the two years AMLO has left in workplace. 

President Joe Biden speaks with a member of the U.S. Border Patrol as they walk along the border fence in El Paso, Texas, on Jan. 8, 2023.

President Joe Biden speaks with a member of the U.S. Border Patrol as they stroll alongside the border fence in El Paso, Texas, on Jan. 8, 2023.
(Jim Watson/AFP through Getty Image)


“Mexico needs to do at the least the naked minimal by way of counter-drug efforts,” Mike Vigil instructed The Associated Press in an interview. Vigil was the DEA’s former chief of worldwide operations who spent 13 years of his profession in Mexico. He additionally famous in that interview, “I don’t suppose that it is a signal that there’s going to be nearer cooperation, bilateral collaboration, if you’ll, between the United States and Mexico.”

Before touring to Mexico, Biden introduced final week that “Mexico has agreed to permit as much as… 30,000 individuals per 30 days who strive, get caught, and get despatched again from these 4 international locations who’re apprehended whereas making an attempt to unlawfully cross the border, the southwest border.” Biden said, “My message is that this: If you’re attempting to depart Cuba, Nicaragua or Haiti, you’ve gotten – and we – or have agreed to start a journey to America, don’t – don’t simply present up on the border. Stay the place you’re and apply legally from there.”

Experts say that so long as López Obrador agrees to assist Biden comprise the border downside, a precedence for his administration, the U.S. president is not going to press an excessive amount of on different points.

On the opposite aspect, referring to AMLO´s vitality and commerce insurance policies, Primer Minister Justin Trudeau mentioned: “Both President Biden and I are going to be pretty clear with President López Obrador that this must be understood as a manner to assist Mexico develop, a option to proceed to attract in investments from corporations in Canada and the United States. I perceive he needs to place extra of an emphasis on the state-owned vitality corporations, however it must be finished in a accountable manner, and in a manner that understands that he is part of NAFTA (now USMCA) and he has to abide by these guidelines.”

Men ride on a motorcycle past a burning truck on the streets of Culiacan, Sinaloa state, on Thursday, Jan. 5.

Men journey on a motorbike previous a burning truck on the streets of Culiacan, Sinaloa state, on Thursday, Jan. 5.
(AP/Martin Urista)

Roberto Salinas mentioned, “It is crucial to have the ability to outline and resolve the vitality problem the place AMLO needs to return to the period of monopolies and vitality statism in a really clear violation of the USMCA. We hope that this is a chance to revive, reanimate and resolve this problem and to have the ability to put Mexico again on monitor with an vitality coverage that’s extra affordable and open to non-public funding and to respect the investments and rights of these buyers who’ve dedicated themselves with the principles of the sport of the USMCA.”


He concluded, “This is a summit that may make seen the large alternatives that exist with close to shoring for the North American area and thereby consolidate larger competitiveness for a shared future.”

THE Associated Press contributed to this report. 

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